Asteroid That Flew Past Earth Monday Has a Moon!!! – Video Here

This GIF shows asteroid 2004 BL86, which safely flew past Earth on Jan. 26, 2015.

This GIF shows asteroid 2004 BL86, which safely flew past Earth on Jan. 26, 2015.

By @ShaunyNews Via:

I did an inaccurate article in terms of distance to Earth on Sunday: I had used A.U (Astronomical units) Measurements and equated to miles wrong, wrong by about half a million miles!! We all make mistakes and I covered my error when someone asked. That aside this is amazing for Science. This was visible with the naked eye, and on further observation it had a small moon, leading to logic telling us it had some trail behind it, speculation also. Some of which probably fell to Earth and burnt up when they slammed into the Earth’s atmosphere at high speed. As you all know by now I am a man of Science, Science is never right, but always learning and I love to learn, so Science is for the open minded. It was too cloudy here in Scotland, almost near the North Pole 😀 for me to see it but I managed to catch the replay last night. Amazing to see an Asteroid that has a story attached to it, the mystery is the fun part, total guesswork but when logic is applied we know this Asteroid BL86 was once part of a bigger mass, maybe a planet, dead Star (Sun) or was perhaps smaller and built up mass over time on it’s travels through the Universe/Galaxy. I love this type of thing. The next BIG, Asteroid 1999 AN10 is due to pass us in 2027,  but new Analyses Identify a Small Possibility that Asteroid 1999 AN10 Could Collide with Earth in 2044 or 2046

The 20 individual images used in the movie were generated from data collected at Goldstone on Jan. 26, 2015. They show the primary body is approximately 1,100 feet (325 meters) across and has a small moon approximately 230 feet (70 meters) across. In the near-Earth population, about 16 percent of asteroids that are about 655 feet (200 meters) or larger are a binary (the primary asteroid with a smaller asteroid moon orbiting it) or even triple systems (two moons). The resolution on the radar images is 13 feet (4 meters) per pixel.Scientists working with NASA’s 230-foot-wide (70-meter) Deep Space Network antenna at Goldstone, California, have released the first radar images of asteroid 2004 BL86. The images show the asteroid, which made its closest approach on Jan. 26, 2015 at 8:19 a.m. PST (11:19 a.m. EST) at a distance of about 745,000 miles (1.2 million kilometers, or 3.1 times the distance from Earth to the moon), has its own small moon.

The trajectory of asteroid 2004 BL86 is well understood. Monday’s flyby was the closest approach the asteroid will make to Earth for at least the next two centuries. It is also the closest a known asteroid this size will come to Earth until asteroid 1999 AN10 flies past our planet in 2027. Asteroid 2004 BL86 was discovered on Jan. 30, 2004, by the Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research (LINEAR) survey in White Sands, New Mexico.

WOW! Giant Asteroid That Whizzed Past Earth Has Its Own Moon!
Via DAHBOO77 on You Tube

Radar is a powerful technique for studying an asteroid’s size, shape, rotation state, surface features and surface roughness, and for improving the calculation of asteroid orbits. Radar measurements of asteroid distances and velocities often enable computation of asteroid orbits much further into the future than if radar observations weren’t available. NASA places a high priority on tracking asteroids and protecting our home planet from them. In fact, the U.S. has the most robust and productive survey and detection program for discovering near-Earth objects (NEOs). To date, U.S. assets have discovered over 98 percent of the known NEOs.

In addition to the resources NASA puts into understanding asteroids, it also partners with other U.S. government agencies, university-based astronomers, and space science institutes across the country, often with grants, interagency transfers and other contracts from NASA, and also with international space agencies and institutions that are working to track and better understand these objects.

NASA’s Near-Earth Object Program at NASA Headquarters, Washington, manages and funds the search, study and monitoring of asteroids and comets whose orbits periodically bring them close to Earth. JPL manages the Near-Earth Object Program Office for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. In 2016, NASA will launch a robotic probe to one of the most potentially hazardous of the known NEOs. The OSIRIS-REx mission to asteroid (101955) Bennu will be a pathfinder for future spacecraft designed to perform reconnaissance on any newly discovered threatening objects. Aside from monitoring potential threats, the study of asteroids and comets enables a valuable opportunity to learn more about the origins of our solar system, the source of water on Earth, and even the origin of organic molecules that led to the development of life.

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, will provide overall mission management, systems engineering, and safety and mission assurance for OSIRIS-REx. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver will build the spacecraft. OSIRIS-REx is the third mission in NASA’s New Frontiers Program. NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages New Frontiers for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington.

NASA also continues to advance the journey to Mars through progress on the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), which will test a number of new capabilities needed for future human expeditions to deep space, including to Mars. This includes advanced Solar Electric Propulsion — an efficient way to move heavy cargo using solar power, which could help pre-position cargo for future human missions to the Red Planet. As part of ARM, a robotic spacecraft will rendezvous with a near-Earth asteroid and redirect an asteroid mass to a stable orbit around the moon. Astronauts will explore the asteroid mass in the 2020’s, helping test modern spaceflight capabilities like new spacesuits and sample return techniques. Astronauts at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston have already begun to practice the capabilities needed for the mission.

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Organic molecules ‘LIFE’ detected by ‘Philae lander’ on Comet 67P

Philae comet lander

Philae comet lander

By @ShaunyGibson – Used to be @ ShaunyNews

So there is ‘Some’ form of life on Comet 67P that has been beamed back to Earth from the Philae lander. Imagine for a second life was all over. We have ‘Almost’ proved there was or is life on Mars. Imagine life was all over the place. I think it is arrogant from us a species to presume we are the only life out there in the vastness of Space. The Historical, future and religious consequences are HUGE here

The Philae lander has detected organic molecules on the surface of its comet, scientists have confirmed. Carbon-containing “organics” are the basis of life on Earth and may give clues to chemical ingredients delivered to our planet early in its history. The compounds were picked up by a German-built instrument designed to “sniff” the comet’s thin atmosphere.

Other analyses suggest the comet’s surface is largely water-ice covered with a thin dust layer. The European Space Agency (Esa) craft touched down on the Comet 67P on 12 November after a 10-year journey. Dr Fred Goessmann, principal investigator on the Cosac instrument, which made the organics detection, confirmed the find to BBC News. But he added that the team was still trying to interpret the results. It has not been disclosed which molecules have been found, or how complex they are.

But the results are likely to provide insights into the possible role of comets in contributing some of the chemical building blocks to the primordial mix from which life evolved on the early Earth. Preliminary results from the Mupus instrument, which deployed a hammer to the comet after Philae’s landing, suggest there is a layer of dust 10-20cm thick on the surface with very hard water-ice underneath.
The ice would be frozen solid at temperatures encountered in the outer Solar System – Mupus data suggest this layer has a tensile strength similar to sandstone. “It’s within a very broad spectrum of ice models. It was harder than expected at that location, but it’s still within bounds,” said Prof Mark McCaughrean, senior science adviser to Esa, told BBC News. “People will be playing with [mathematical] models of pure water-ice mixed with certain amount of dust.”
Comet 67P:Rosetta’s Philae finds hard ice and organic molecules
Via The Cosmos News on You Tube

He explained: “You can’t rule out rock, but if you look at the global story, we know the overall density of the comet is 0.4g/cubic cm. There’s no way the thing’s made of rock. “It’s more likely there’s sintered ice at the surface with more porous material lower down that hasn’t been exposed to the Sun in the same way.” After bouncing off the surface at least twice, Philae came to a stop in some sort of high-walled trap. “The fact that we landed up against something may actually be in our favour. If we’d landed on the main surface, the dust layer may have been even thicker and it’s possible we might not have gone down [to the ice],” said Prof McCaughrean.

Scientists had to race to perform as many key tests as they could before Philae’s battery life ran out at the weekend.

On re-charge

A key objective was to drill a sample of “soil” and analyse it in Cosac’s oven. But, disappointingly, the latest information suggest no soil was delivered to the instrument. Prof McCaughrean explained: “We didn’t necessarily see many organics in the signal. That could be because we didn’t manage to pick up a sample. But what we know is that the drill went down to its full extent and came back up again.” “But there’s no independent way to say: This is what the sample looks like before you put it in there.”

Scientists are hopeful however that as Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko approaches the Sun in coming months, Philae’s solar panels will see sunlight again. This might allow the batteries to re-charge, and enable the lander to perform science once more. “There’s a trade off – once it gets too hot, Philae will die as well. There is a sweet spot,” said Prof McCaughrean. He added: “Given the fact that there is a factor of six, seven, eight in solar illumination and the last action we took was to rotate the body of Philae around to get the bigger solar panel in, I think it’s perfectly reasonable to think it may well happen. “By being in the shadow of the cliff, it might even help us, that we might not get so hot, even at full solar illumination. But if you don’t get so hot that you don’t overheat, have you got enough solar power to charge the system.” The lander’s Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS), designed to provide information on the elemental composition of the surface, seems to have partially seen a signal from its own lens cover – which could have dropped off at a strange angle because Philae was not lying flat.

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Earth Facing

The connection between Sun Spots and Earthquakes has been proven to a point by many scientists Many say it has no baring, but as I hear and see sun spots then an Earthquake happens it does add up, but this is not proven. This latest Sun-Spot AT 2151 is mainly due to the Sun’s 11 year flip cycle where North goes to South and Vice Versa. This has happened since the Sun was born, this Sun-Spot is 100 times bigger than Earth, a direct hit could be lethal! Seen the movie Knowing? This is the scale of this thing and it will last for weeks or months. As always do your own research and links at the bottom of the page. The USA’s Electrical grid is 100 years and older in places.

KNOWING -Nicolas Cage 

WASHINGTON – NASA is warning a new sunspot spewing powerful X-class flares is beginning to rotate to a position directly in line with Earth.

A direct hit on Earth from an X-class flare could cause major disruptions – or even destruction – to the U.S. electrical grid, which already is very vulnerable, as well as to life-sustaining critical infrastructures dependent on the grid to function. NASA said the warning regarding the sunspot, AR 2151, could last for weeks. Eruptions that drew the attention of space experts began last Sunday with an M5.6 solar eruption, which is one tenth the strength of an X-class flare. X-class flares are the most power solar flare. The least intense flare is a C-class. M-class flares ranked as mid-range.

“Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation,” explained NASA spokeswoman Karen Fox. “Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth’s atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground. However, when intense enough, they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel.”

Some of the flares spewing from the sun’s surface can be at least 14 times the size of Earth. NASA and the National Science Foundation has estimated that if the U.S. sustained a direct hit from an X-class flare, it would cost the nation upward of $2 trillion in the first year and kill up to 90 percent of the U.S. population due to the lack of services, starvation and disease. The Defense Department is preparing to harden its systems to defend against an EMP event, whether from a solar flare or nuclear attack. But EMP experts point out DOD relies on the civilian electrical grid, which will remain vulnerable unless action is taken.

The flares from AR 2151 were first detected Sunday by NASA’s powerful Solar Dynamics Observatory and Solar Helospheric Observatory, or SOHO, a joint NASA and European Space Agency activity. The sun is going through an 11-year cycle, which at its peak is called a solar storm maximum. The current cycle is known as Solar Cycle 24. Even as the intensity of flares from the sun begins to diminish, they could hit Earth well into subsequent years, until the cycle reaches a so-called solar-storm minimum. Then, a new cycle will begin some five-and-a-half years out.

AR 2151, could last for weeks.

AR 2151, could last for weeks.

Not ready for prime time?

In response to defense-system vulnerabilities to an electromagnetic pulse, or EMP, strike, the Defense Department has decided to harden all its “ground-, air-, maritime, and space-based platforms, electronic and electrical systems, subsystems and equipment.” Rather than after-the-fact remedial measures, the DOD directive said such measures will take place at the time of acquisition of military systems and equipment that incorporate electronics. The directive states DOD will “interface with federal agencies and other organizations as required to promote cooperation and information exchange.” That means DOD will need to work with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, which deals directly with national emergencies and has a say on protecting the national grid.

However, DHS presently does not include an EMP event as one of 15 emergency National Planning Scenarios, which include responses to floods, hurricanes and terrorist attacks. Until now, DOD has left it to DHS to deal with protection of the electrical grid from an EMP event. Yet, DOD facilities rely 99 percent on the vulnerable civilian electrical grid to function. While it own platforms and equipment may be hardened against an EMP event up to an E3 level, characterized by a very slow pulse, the bases could become defenseless, depending on backup generators.

EMP experts point out to WND that President Obama can sign an executive order requiring DHS to include EMP as one of its national planning scenarios. Because DOD facilities rely on the civilian electrical grid to function, unless it similarly is hardened, U.S. defense systems could be seriously affected. EMP experts add that while DOD’s initial undertaking is a good start, such hardening won’t protect defense platforms and equipment from a high-altitude nuclear detonation.

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